Sarcoma cancer symptoms, types, therapies and causes

What is Sarcoma?

A sarcoma in adults is a rare kind of tumor that grows in connective tissue cells and can affect any part of the body such as arms, neck areas, trunk, head, blood vessels, bones, nerves, muscles, cartilage, breast, colon, lungs, stomach, abdominal cavity deep skin tissues, fibrous tissues & internal organs. The term sarcoma means the tumor is cancerous or malignant.

The types of sarcoma

The types of sarcoma can be classified into two major categories bone & soft tissue sarcomas. Soft tissue sarcoma is hard to spot because it can be found in any area of the body. This type of cancer is difficult to treat & requires the best treatment known, mostly having surgery to remove the tumor.

The possible treatment of Sarcoma

In the first place, it is important that you must be treated at a specialized cancer center like The LOC so that you can have better outcomes. Surgery is the only way to cure all sarcomas, and for this, doctors must be experienced and specialized in performing sarcoma surgery.

At The LOC, your doctor can help you consider clinical trials and make treatment plan decisions. A multidisciplinary team of doctors collaborates to decide whether the first treatment should be surgical or can be treated with radiation depending on the affected area, the stage, the grade and the fitness level of the patient.

At The LOC, you can discuss with a team of doctors and other professionals, the best treatment, the benefits & adverse side effects. Below are the main treatments to deal with different types of sarcomas.

The main treatments for Sarcoma

  • Surgery
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Biological Therapy

Surgery: The surgery is subject to the condition that no vital organ can be taken out. The goal of surgery is to remove cancer so that no cancerous material is left behind.

Radiotherapy: The treatment using high-energy x-ray is performed to decrease the likelihood of the sarcoma coming back by destroying any remaining cancer cells after the surgery.

Chemotherapy: Depending on the stage and type of cancer, a combination of anti-cancer drugs is prepared and then administered into veins to reach all over the body through the bloodstream. Chemotherapy can be performed either as an additional treatment after surgery or as the main treatment.

Biological Therapy: Biological therapy consisting of various drugs works by interfering with the way cells work. The treatment is effective in strengthening the immune system of the body to help it destroy cancer cells. There are various types of biological therapies some of them are used to prevent growth signals.